The earth in which we live has many astonishing facts that are not yet known. Among the various facts, it is interesting to know the most extreme places on earth, from the hottest, coldest, highest, wettest, and so on. The following are the most extreme places in the world.
1. Lut Desert (Iran) – The hottest place
The hottest place on earth is currently still being debated. Many believe that Al Azizyah, Libya with temperatures recorded at 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 degrees Celsius), and the second hottest place in Death Valley, California, United States, there once reached 134 Fahrenheit in 1913. But according to other sites NASA satellites recorded surface temperatures as high as 71 ° C (159 ° F) in the Iranian Luth desert, supposedly the warmest temperature ever recorded on Earth’s surface. This area, which covers an area of about 480 kilometers, is called Gandom Beriyan (roasted wheat).
2. Mount Chimborazo (Ecuador) – Highest Place
Almost everyone knows that Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Climbers from all over the world hope to climb Everest which is known as the highest mountain in the world. The peak of Mount Everest is 8,848 meters (29,028 feet) above sea level. This high elevation gives Mount Everest the distinction of being the mountain with the highest elevation. But not many people know about the existence of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador at 6,310 meters (20,703 feet), which is less than Mount Everest, but has a difference. Chimborazo is the highest mountain above the center of the earth. This is because the Earth is not a sphere, but rather a spherical oblate. As a spherical oblate, Earth is widest at the equator. Chimborazo is only one degree south of Earth’s equator and at that location 6,384 kilometers from Earth’s center or about 2 kilometers farther from Earth’s center than Mount Everest. Ecuadorians find pride in this interesting fact. Nonetheless, nothing could compare Chimborazo in difficulty, lack of oxygen, or in fame, to Mount Everest.
3. Tristan The Cunha (UK) – Remote Place
The world’s most remote inhabited island group, Tristan de Cunha, located in the south of the Atlantic Ocean, is a very small island, and has no runways. Houses for 272 people are divided consisting of 8 heads of families, residents there have hereditary suffer from complaints such as asthma and glaucoma. Annexed by Great Britain in the 1800s, the islanders have an English zip code and, while they can order goods online, it takes a very long time for their orders to arrive.
4. Angel Falls (Venezuela) – The highest waterfall
Angel Falls (Salto Ángel) in Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world. The waterfall is 3,230 feet high and the water falls 2,647 feet without a hitch. Angel Falls is located on a tributary of the Rio Caroni river. A waterfall is formed when a stream falls from the top of Auyantepui (auyantepui is a flat structure surrounded by cliffs – similar to a mesa).
5. Oymyacon (Russia) – The coldest place
Oymyakon is a village in Oymyakonsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located along the Indigirka River, 30 kilometers (20 miles) northwest of Tomtor on the Kolyma Highway. Population of 800 people. Oymyakon is known as one of the North Pole candidates, because on January 26, 1926 the temperature reached -71.2 ° C (-96.2 ° F) there. This is the lowest temperature ever recorded for a permanently inhabited location on Earth. It is also the lowest temperature recorded in the Northern Hemisphere. But the lowest temperature ever recorded on earth was -129 ° F in 1983, at the Russian Research Base in Vostok Antarctica.
6. The Dry Valleys (Antarctica) – The driest place
This valley has not rained in more than two million years. With the exception of one valley, a small lake filled with water from the mainland that flows rivers during the summer, this Dry Valley contains no water vapor (water, ice, or snow). The reason why the Dry Valley exists is a catabatic 200 mph leeward which evaporates all the moisture. The dry valleys are strange: except for a few craggy rocks, they are the only part of the continent of Antarctica without ice. Located in the Trans-Antarctic Range, they are associated with mountainous areas where evaporation (or rather, sublimation) is more important than snowfall, so all the ice disappears, leaving dry barren land. Another driest place is the Atacama Desert in Chile, parts of which have literally received no rainfall for centuries. Parts of the Atacama Desert can actually outweigh most of Antarctica’s drought, although the latter’s data are insufficient to tell.
7. Mariana Trench (Indonesia) – The deepest place
The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is the deepest known trough, and its deepest location is in the Earth’s crust. It is located on the northwest floor of the Pacific Ocean, east of the Mariana Islands at 11 ° 21 ′ north latitude and 142 ° 12 ′ east longitude, also close to Japan. This trench is a boundary where two tectonic plates meet, a subduction zone where the Pacific Plate is subducted under the Philippine Plate. The bottom of this trench is further below sea level than Mount Everest is above sea level. This trench has a maximum depth of 10,911 meters (35,798 feet) below sea level. If calculated according to the latitude and the “equatorial bulge” of the Earth, it is 6,366.4 km from the center of the Earth. The Arctic Ocean, on the other hand, is 4 km deep, has a seabed distance from the center of the earth of ~ 6,352.8 km, 13.6 km closer. At the bottom of the Mariana Trench, water exerts a pressure of 1,086 bar (108 MPa or 15,751 psi) or equal to 8 tons.
8. Lloro (Colombia) – Wettest Place
Lloro, Colombia, gets an average of 40 feet of rain a year. The people who live there make money by cutting down trees in a nearby forest where you can count on the rain every day. Again, there is discussion about this fact. Cherrapunji, North-Eastern India was estimated for many years to be the wettest place in the world. Here it rains 10,820 mm on average in one year, well short of the amount from the Lloro. Unlike Colombia where it rains all year round, Cherrapunji gets most of the rain during the “western monsoon”, or rainy season, between June and August. Cherrapunji doesn’t hold the record for the wettest month, recording 9,296 mm in July 1861. In fact, between 1860 and 1862 Cherrapunji was very wet; between August 1, 1860 and July 31, 1861 (which overlaps part of the 2 wet seasons) 26,467 mm of rain fell. In the calendar year 1861 22,987 mm of rain fell, of which 22,454 fell between April and September.
9. Mount Thor (Canada) – Tervertical Place
Mount Thor, in Auyuittuq National Park on Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada, represents a vertical elevation of 4,100 feet. Mount Thor is Canada’s most famous peak, and it’s made of pure granite. It’s a favorite of thrill seekers and climbers. Mount Thor was first climbed in 1953 by a team from the North American Arctic Institute. There have been several rappel expeditions recently, with one death in 2006.
10. Dead Sea (Jordan) – Lowest Place
The Dead Sea is the lowest place on Earth’s surface, with its surface and beaches being 422 meters (1,385 feet) below sea level. On the border of Jordan and Israel, the road around the Dead Sea is also the lowest road on Earth. The Dead Sea is famous for its salinity or salt content which is ten times greater than the Mediterranean Sea. Because of its extreme salt content, no life can survive in this sea because it is too salty.
Those are the 10 most extreme places on earth. How are you guys? you are interested in visiting it?