The world always leaves its mark on the past. It can be in the form of a work or a historical legacy that will be a memorable incision for the next period. Likewise with the historic old cities from various corners of the world that are timeless.
These old cities, are silent witnesses of the development of a civilization in that place, power, war and others. Here are 10 of the oldest historic cities you should know:
1. Jerusalem, Palestine
Jerusalem, the old city whose name is never used up to be discussed by all people from all corners of the world. Beautiful city that stopped between these two countries in addition to being the oldest city, Jerusalem is a city that is considered by many to be one of the holiest places in the world.
Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world, located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. Jerusalem became a very important site and was considered a holy city for the three Abrahamic religions namely Judaism, Islam and Christianity.
2. Jericho, Palestine
This old city in the Palestinian Territory and located close to the Jordan River is described in the Hebrew Bible as the City of Palm Trees. In 1949 until 1967, the City of Jericho was once occupied by Jordanians. Until finally in 1994, the city was given full rights to the Palestinian Government.
Here, the Archaeologists of the world found the remains of more than 20 old settlements that can be ascertained since 11,000 years or 9000 BC. At present Jericho has a population of 25,000 Palestinians and Israelis.
3. Aleppo, Syria
The picture above is proof of how beautiful the city of Aleppo was before the war. Aleppo is one of the oldest cities in the world that has been inhabited since the 6th century BC. Excavations at Tell as-Sawda and Tell al-Ansari bear witness that the City of Aleppo belongs to the category of the oldest city and was inhabited by Amorites at least since the end of the 3rd century BC.
For centuries, Aleppo was the largest city in Syria and became the city under the third largest Ottoman Empire after Constantinople and Cairo. Now, Aleppo is a city full of mourning due to the brother war which has been going on since 2012.
4. Athens, Greece
Being in the country of the Gods, Greece. Athens is one of the oldest and longest cities on the European Continent. The city is full of infrastructure of ancient Greek heritage, became the leading city since the first millennium BC.
Athens had suffered a setback during the Middle Ages until it recovered since the Byzantine Empire. In the 19th century Athens was designated as the capital of the Greek state.
Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the oldest cities in the world, with a historical record spanning more than 3,400 years and the earliest human presence beginning somewhere between the 11th and 7th centuries BC.
5. Beirut, Lebanon
Beirut is located in the country where the famous artist, poet and writer Kahlil Gibran was born in Lebanon. Besides being included in the category of the oldest city in the world, Beirut is the largest economic and industrial center in Lebanon.
The city of Beirut was around 3000 years BC. In the years 1975-1990, there was a civil conflict in Lebanon which destroyed a large part of the place in Beirut. Before the War, the city of Beirut was once dubbed “Paris in the East” because of its cosmopolitan atmosphere. The city is inhabited by 1.2 million people, but if the surrounding metropolitan area is calculated to be 2.1 million.
6. Gaziantep, Turkey
Gaziantep City is in the State of Turkey and is the oldest city in the world. In the center of this city, stands the Gaziantep Fortress and Ravanda Fortress, which is the place of resistance of Turkish nationalists against the population of Europe.
Its strategic location makes Gaziantep an ancient trade route. The discovery of pottery fragments made by archaeologists shows that settlements in Gaziantep City existed in the 4th millennium BC.
7. Cadiz, Spain
Cadiz is considered by many to be the oldest and most populous city in Western Europe. The city was discovered by archeologists in 3100. It has been the main port of the Spanish Navy since the accession of the Spanish Bourbon in the 18th century.
Despite being the oldest city, the Cadiz region has never been overlooked to continue to be cared for properly and become an attractive tourist location as far as the eye can see. In addition to old buildings that still stand firm, the city is also filled with many plants one of which is a giant tree that is said to be brought to Spain by Columbus.
8. Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Plovdiv is the oldest and the second largest city in Bulgaria. This city is the center of economy, transportation, culture and education. There is plenty of evidence that Plovdiv was part of the oldest city in the world, one of which was the first Neolithic settlement founded in the 6th century BC.
In the past, Plovdiv was known as Philippopolis after Philip II of Macedonia conquered the city in the 4th century BC.
9. Balkh, Afghanistan
Balkh is an old city in Afghanistan. This city was once the center of the ancient civilizations of Buddhism, Islam and Zoroastrianism. Balkh is considered as the first city where Indo-Iranian tribes moved from the north of Amu Darya, between 2000 and 1500 BC.
Marco Polo described Balkh as a noble and great city. Historical remains that remain today in Balkh such as Buddhist temples and other holy sites.
10. Varanasi, India
The main place of pilgrimage for Hindus and including the oldest city in the world is located in the country of India. Varanasi is often referred to as Benares. Mark Twain, an American writer, said that Benaras was older than history, older than tradition, older than legend and looked twice as old as they collected.
This city has been a center of learning and civilization for more than 3000 years. Varanasi has become a symbol of Hindu awakening. Knowledge, philosophy, culture, devotion to Indian Gods, arts and crafts have developed here for centuries. Also a place of pilgrimage for Jain, Varanasi is believed to be the birthplace of Parsvanath, the twenty-third Tirthankar.
That’s 10 historic old cities in the world. Hopefully the keletariannya maintained and will be a beautiful place to visit.