Coronavirus has attacked thousands of people in various countries and claimed hundreds of lives. In order not to get infected by this infectious disease, there are several ways you can do to prevent transmission of the Corona virus.
The cause of this outbreak is a new type of coronavirus called the 2019 coronavirus novel (2019-nCoV). This disease belongs to the same virus class as the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle-East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
Corona virus infection called COVID-19 was first occurred in the city of Wuhan, China and now has been found in various countries, including Indonesia.
Steps to Prevent Corona Virus Transmission
This virus is thought to originate from animals, such as bats and camels, and can be transmitted from animals to humans, as well as from humans to humans. Human transmission is most likely through sputum sparks when coughing or sneezing.
When infected with the Corona virus, a person will experience flu-like symptoms, such as fever, cough, and runny nose. However, a few days later, people who develop corona virus infection can experience shortness of breath due to infection in the lungs (pneumonia).
Until now, there has been no treatment that can cure Corona virus infection. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) urges people not to look down on this disease and always take preventative measures.
Some steps you can take to prevent Corona virus infection are:
1. Wash your hands properly
Washing your hands properly is the simplest but effective way to prevent the spread of the 2019-nCoV virus. Wash your hands with running water and soap, for at least 20 seconds. Make sure all parts of the hand are washed thoroughly, including the back of the hand, wrist, between the fingers, and nails. After that, dry your hands using a tissue, clean towel, or hand dryer.
If you are a commuter worker on public transportation, it will be difficult to find water and soap. You can clean your hands with a hand sanitizer. Use hand sanitizer products with an alcohol content of at least 60% to be more effective at disinfecting germs.
Wash your hands regularly, especially before and after eating, after using the toilet, after touching animals, taking out the trash, and after coughing or sneezing. Washing hands is also important before breastfeeding a baby or expressing milk.
2. Using a mask
There are two types of masks that you can use to prevent transmission of the Corona virus, namely surgical masks and N95 masks.
Surgical masks or surgical masks are disposable masks that are commonly used. This mask is easy to find, the price is affordable, and comfortable to wear, so many people use this mask when they are on their daily activities.
The correct way to use a surgical mask is that the colored side of the mask should face outward, while the white inner side faces the face and covers the chin, nose and mouth. The white side is made of material that can absorb dirt and filter germs from the air.
Although not entirely effective in preventing exposure to germs, the use of these masks can still reduce the risk of spreading infectious diseases, including Corona virus infections. The use of masks is recommended for people who are sick to prevent the spread of viruses and germs, rather than in healthy people.
While the N95 mask is a type of mask specifically designed to filter out harmful particles in the air. This type of mask is actually more recommended to prevent Corona virus infection. However, this mask is not comfortable to wear everyday and the price is relatively expensive.
When removing masks from the face, both surgical masks and N95 masks, avoid touching the front of the mask, because that part is full of germs attached. After removing the mask, wash your hands with soap or hand sanitizer, so that the hands are clean from germs that stick.
3. Maintain endurance
A strong immune system can prevent various diseases. To maintain and increase endurance, you are advised to eat healthy foods, such as vegetables and fruits, and protein foods, such as eggs, fish, and lean meat.
In addition, regular exercise, adequate sleep, not smoking, and not consuming alcoholic beverages can also increase endurance to avoid transmission of the Corona virus.
4. Don’t go to an infected country
Not only China, Corona virus infection has now also spread to several other countries, such as Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, India, the United States, and Europe. The Corona virus has also been confirmed to be found in neighboring Indonesia, such as Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and the Philippines.
To avoid contracting this virus, you are advised not to travel to places that already have a Corona virus infection case or have the potential to become a coronavirus site.
5. Avoid contact with animals that have the potential to transmit coronavirus
The new type of coronavirus is thought to originate from bats and spread by several mammals and reptiles. Therefore, avoid contact with these animals
If you want to eat meat or fish, make sure the meat or fish has been washed and cooked until thoroughly cooked. Avoid eating meat or fish that are not fresh or rotten.
If you experience flu symptoms, such as coughing, fever, and colds, which are accompanied by weakness and shortness of breath, especially if in the last 2 weeks you have traveled to China or other countries that already have Corona virus infection cases, immediately consult a doctor so the cause can be ascertained and given the right treatment.