India is one of the destination countries for foreign tourists because of the life of its inhabitants who still adhere to its original cultures. When visiting a famous city in India, you can still see women wearing saris, typical Indian women’s clothes, and men in turbans. The offerings that are scattered in street corners you will often meet. The buildings still retain their original form which adheres to the typical ancient Hindu architecture.
There are so many historical traces that you can find in India. Traveling to India can be an option for those of you who like to trace the history of ancient civilized. Many tourist attractions in India have historical value. From the traces of the Mughal empire to the beauty of “Pink City” Jaipur with its palace complexes.
Here are 6 historical places in India that you can visit to trace the history of the seventh largest country in the world.
1. The Taj Mahal
The Indian Taj Mahal is a famous place in India which is always visited by foreign tourists. This large vortex is one of the seven wonders of the world recorded in UNESCO. Due to its architectural beauty for buildings built in the 1600’s. Cameras are not allowed in the area inside the Taj Mahal, therefore you must visit this historical site directly to prove its beauty.
The Taj Mahal is a memorial building that contains a vortex of Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan’s third wife who died after giving birth to his 14th son. Mumtaz was the king’s favorite wife, her death left deep sorrow. Before the building was finished, Shah Jahan was exiled by his son at Agra Fort. Every day Shah Jahan remembers his wife by looking at the Taj Mahal from Agra Fort. Finally in 1666, Shah Jahan passed away and was rested next to the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. Therefore the Taj Mahal is often used as a symbol of eternal love for Indian people.
2. Agra Fort
Still in the same area as the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort is a tourist spot in Agra India which is bustling with local and foreign tourists. Agra Fort is one of the largest fortresses of historical sites in India when the Mughal royal dynasty still ruled India.
This fort was built by King Akbar in the 1500s. The red brick material was King Akbar’s choice in starting the construction of this fort. Built along the Yamuna river, the fort is huge and majestic when you see it from the entrance gate.
In the 1600s the construction of the fort was continued by his grandson, Shah Jahan. The inside of the fort was dominated by King Shah Jahan’s favorite material, namely white marble. Apart from its function as a defensive fortress, Shah Jahan also built the inside of the fort as an area of the palace which later became his place of stay in exile when his son Aurangzeb occupied the throne of the Mughal empire.
3. Hawa Mahal
Switching from Agra with the Taj Mahal as its main attraction, visit the city of Jaipur. Jaipur is also known as the “Pink City” due to its palace complex which is dominated by the soft pink color. Visit Hawa Mahal which is a landmark of this city. not inferior to intricate architecture like the Grand Palace in Thailand, this building has a detailed and magnificent architecture.
Built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. This building is a wide and tall design with many windows, because it has a function as a stopover building for royal women so they can see the development process in common people’s areas without having to go directly to the streets.
From the top of the building, you can witness the beauty of the city of Jaipur with palace complexes such as the Jahar Mantar and the famous City Palace. There is a mini museum that is open every Saturday through Thursday featuring paintings, miniatures and relics that provide us with information about royal culture in the past.
4. Amer Fort
India has indeed left behind many great fortresses from the kingdoms that once ruled in this country. One of them is the Amer Fort which is still in the royal complex in Jaipur. It has the same detailed and intricate architectural style, but this one fort is dominated by light brown colors and green ornaments that adorn each side of the fort.
Hiring a guide is highly recommended because the fort is quite wide and there are many sides to the fort that you can accidentally overlook. Visit the fort at night if you have time, as tickets for the visit are much cheaper than in the morning.
5. Victorial Memorial
Kolkota is a city where British and Indian cultures meet. This can be seen from the structure and architecture of the city which is in a victorian style but still shows the typical Indian domes. One of the landmark buildings in this city is the Victoria Memorial.
As a British Commonwealth country, this building shows appreciation to Queen Victoria who died in 1901. The Victoria Memorial is a building with a design that is dominated by white. Surrounded by a large green garden with an artificial lake that complements the beauty of this colonial era historical site. Inside the building section, you will see various exhibits showing traces of British colonialism in India.
If you visit the Victoria Memorial in winter, you can watch the light show at this Indian white building.
6. Meenakshi Amman Temple
Another historical place in India that you must visit is the Meenakshi Amman Temple. This temple is a building that is one of the attractions in Madurai, India. With its colorful temple designs and intricate carvings of gods, heroes, and evil spirits. This temple has four gates that lead to various directions of the wind.
Meenakshi Amman is a religious site that is still a frequent place of pilgrimage. The temple, which consists of 14 towers with the highest tower at 15 meters, is a temple dedicated to Dewi Meenakshi who is a fish goddess with beautiful eyes. Goddess Meenakshi is a symbol of fertility and love. This temple is also a celebration of love between Goddess Meenakshi and Sundareshvara in spiritual union.