Corona Virus or 2019 Coronavirus Novel is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. This disease caused by a viral infection is called COVID-19. Corona virus can cause disorders of the respiratory system, acute pneumonia, until death.
Virus 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) better known as Corona virus is a new type of coronavirus that is transmitted to humans. This virus can affect anyone, both infants, children, adults, the elderly, pregnant women, and nursing mothers.
This virus infection is called COVID-19 and was first discovered in the city of Wuhan, China, at the end of December 2019. This virus spread quickly and has spread to other regions in China and to several countries, including Indonesia.
Coronavirus is a collection of viruses that can infect the respiratory system. In many cases, this virus only causes mild respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
Symptoms of Corona Virus
Corona virus infection or COVID-19 can cause sufferers to experience flu symptoms, such as runny and runny nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and fever; or symptoms of severe respiratory infections, such as high fever, cough with phlegm and even bleeding, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
However, in general there are 3 general symptoms that can indicate someone is infected with the Corona virus, namely:
- Hard to breathe
According to research, symptoms of COVID-19 appear within 2 days to 2 weeks after exposure to the Corona virus.
When to see a doctor
Immediately see a doctor if you experience symptoms of Corona virus infection (COVID-19) as mentioned above, especially if the symptoms appear 2 weeks after returning from China or another country that is positively infected. People suspected of being infected with the Corona virus must be referred immediately to the nearest hospital emergency room in order to get proper treatment.
Causes of Corona Virus
Corona virus infection or COVID-19 is caused by coronavirus, which is a group of viruses that infect the respiratory system. In most cases, coronaviruses only cause mild to moderate respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
It is suspected that the Corona virus was initially transmitted from animals to humans. However, it was later discovered that the Corona virus was also transmitted from human to human.
A person can get COVID-19 through a variety of ways, namely:
- Accidentally inhale saliva splashes from sneezing or coughing sufferers of COVID-19.
- Hold the mouth or nose without washing hands first, after touching an object affected by saliva splashes of COVID-19 sufferers.
- Close contact with people with COVID-19, such as touching or shaking hands.
Corona virus can infect anyone, but the effect will be more dangerous or even fatal if it occurs in elderly people, pregnant women, people who are sick, or people whose immune systems are weak.
Corona Virus Diagnosis
To determine whether the patient is infected with the Corona virus, the doctor will ask about the symptoms experienced by the patient. The doctor will also ask if the patient is traveling to the Corona virus endemic area before symptoms appear.
To confirm the diagnosis of COVID-19, the doctor will carry out the following follow-up examinations:
- Blood sample test
- A throat swab test to examine sputum samples
- Chest radiograph to detect infiltrates or fluid in the lungs
Corona Virus Treatment
Corona virus infection or COVID-19 can not be treated, but there are several steps that doctors can take to relieve the symptoms, namely:
- Providing fever and pain relievers. However, doctors will not give aspirin to people with COVID-19 who are still young.
- Encourage sufferers of COVID-19 to take a warm bath and use a humidifier to relieve a cough and sore throat.
- Encourage people with COVID-19 to get enough rest and not leave the house to prevent the spread of the virus.
- Encourage sufferers of COVID-19 to drink lots of water in order to maintain body fluid levels.
Complications of Corona Virus
In severe cases, Corona virus infection can cause the following serious complications:
- Secondary infection of other organs
- Kidney failure
- Acute cardiac injury
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Corona Virus Prevention
Until now, there is no vaccine to prevent Corona virus infection or COVID-19. Therefore, the best preventive way is to avoid the factors that can cause you to be infected with this virus, namely:
- Avoid traveling to China or other countries where Corona virus transmission has been found.
- Use a mask when outdoors, especially in public places or crowds.
- Wash your hands regularly with water and soap or hand sanitizer containing alcohol after outdoor activities.
- Avoid contact with animals, especially wild animals. In case of contact with animals, wash your hands afterwards.
- Cook the meat until it is completely cooked before consumption.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Do not touch the eyes, mouth and nose before washing hands.
- Avoid being close to someone who is sick.
- Keep clean objects that are often touched and environmental cleanliness.
For someone suspected of having COVID-19, there are a number of steps you can take to prevent the Corona virus from being transmitted to others, namely:
- Do not leave the house, except for treatment.
- Try to stay apart from other people for a while. If it is not possible, use a bedroom and bathroom that is different from what others use.
- Prohibit and prevent others from visiting or visiting you until you are completely healed.
- As much as possible do not have meetings with people who are sick.
- Avoid sharing the use of cutlery and drinking equipment, toiletries, and sleeping equipment with others.
- Wear a mask and gloves when in a public place or with someone else.
- Apply cough ethics and use tissue to cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, then throw the tissue in the trash.