Like a home, a website is a basic instrument that you can use to fulfill your goals. But, in order to create a website, you need a hosting service to store data on your website. Hosting is a rental service where you can store data on your website.
Whether you are creating a brand image, building a business by providing catalogs and promotions, or curating works that you have created before, you naturally need a website. That is why we can compare the website as a home. When building a “house,” you need to find a safe and quality-guaranteed environment so that the house can last a long time without receiving much interference. In order to get an environment that matches the criteria, you need a reliable “developer” called hosting.
In order to meet the appropriateness of quality “environment” for building websites, you need a hosting provider that has a good reputation with a safe and quality hosting product. Safe, so that the data you store is protected from hackers and dangerous viruses. Quality includes various advantages, such as speed of loading web pages, excellent service 24/7, and ease of recovery when the data you store is suddenly lost or accidentally deleted.
What is Hosting?
Imagine an address called “Alexandra Street number 10.” In the past, the building located at that address was a grocery store which is now a house divided into several rooms. No matter what buildings there are, this area will still be named as “Alexandra Street number 10.”
“Alexandra Street number 10” can be understood as a domain, or a name that replaces an IP address, aka a series of binary numbers used to identify devices connected to the internet network. Domain is the name you write in the address bar in the browser. Just like the address in general, the domain is an address that can be typed to visit “your house.”
“Your house” here means the website. Yes, a house that is divided into several rooms as mentioned above is a website that has several subdomains. Subdomains can be simply interpreted as additional domains from the parent domain name. The website itself is a collection of information in the form of web pages that can be accessed via the internet. Everyone in various places and at all times can access it as long as they are connected online via the internet network.
The website address containing these pages must be in a container in order to carry out its work. Just like a home, a website needs a platform to be built. The platform in question is the capacity of memory to store settings, media, and content in written form. This container is considered a “home developer,” that is hosting.
Types of Hosting
Just like a home developer, the task of a hosting service provider is to provide an address and land that is equipped with how to create a website so you can use it to build a website until it can be used. In accordance with your needs and goals to create a website, there are at least four types of hosting that you can understand the following:
1. Shared Hosting
Shared hosting is a traditional hosting service that shares one server for several users at once, depending on the strength of the server. The advantages of hosting services on this one, the price is very affordable because you like paying server rent jointly with other users. Unfortunately, if your website or another user’s website on the same server is getting high traffic, the website belonging to the hosting user from the same server will experience “traffic jams” or slow loading pages. In addition, if a server is damaged, the hosting provider requires an undetermined time until the server can function again and the website that is connected to the server experiences down-time during the server failure.
2. Cloud Hosting
Somewhat similar to shared hosting, cloud hosting is also used by several users at once. The difference is, cloud hosting does not require a cold room to accommodate server machines and hosting users do not only rely on one server. Cloud hosting users are served by several interconnected servers so that when one server is damaged, the other server will immediately take over the hosting and the down-time duration spent on a website will be trimmed down a lot. This is the advantage of cloud hosting that makes the price a little higher than shared hosting. Cloud hosting will be suitable if your website has moderate to high traffic.
3. Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting
VPS can be considered as the midpoint between cloud hosting and dedicated server. Because, users can use servers that have functions similar to dedicated servers but at prices as cheap as cloud or shared hosting. Another advantage of VPS is that each user has root access to their own virtual space so it will be safer if you intend to use this one hosting.
4. Dedicated Server
Dedicated servers offer maximum control over the hosting server used by your website. That is, you master all the hosting channels provided by the server. Dedicated server will be suitable for you if the website that you manage has very high traffic. However, if you decide to use a dedicated server, make sure you have prepared a budget that is much higher than the three types of hosting above.
Remember, understanding the type of hosting is one important factor that you need to consider when learning how to create a website. Like a home developer, hosting will provide you with some space to build your “home”, which is a website. Therefore, you also need to pay attention to the quality of hosting by checking the speed and security, as well as the results of testimonials from other users.